In 1996, BMW owned the Rover Group, and was preparing a new car that would replace their Rover 200 and 400 ranges, called Project R30, developed jointly with Project R50 and R40, that would become, respectively, the New Mini and the Rover 75. The new model, which would have been badged as the Rover 55, was planned to be built in the Longbridge plant alongside the New Mini, and BMW were granted a £152 million subsidy by the British government to refurbish the plant.
In 2000, development was close to completion, but after BMW sold the Rover Group, the project's rights were taken by BMW, which stopped the project and kept the only working prototype in their headquarters of Munich. Although BMW tried to sell the project's rights, first to MG Rover and later to a number of Chinese car manufacturers, the model never entered production.
It has been rumoured that the Rover R30 was finished by BMW and transformed into the BMW 1 Series. However, BMW have stated that the 1 Series is unrelated to the R30, and was developed alongside the E90 3 Series.
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BMW 1 Series (E87)
The BMW 1 Series (E81/E87 and E82/E88 models) is a small family car produced by the German automaker BMW since 2004, marketed worldwide in 2-door convertible, 3-door and 5-door hatchback as well as coupe configurations. The series is noted for its rear-wheel drive, 50:50 weight balance, longitudinally-mounted engine and aluminum multilink suspension.
The X1 series is currently BMW's second best-selling automobile worldwide, accounting for nearly one-fifth of the total sales in 2008.
BMW 1 Series
Production 2004–2011 (E87)
Assembly Leipzig, Germany
Predecessor BMW Compact
Class Small family car
Body style 2-door coupe (E82)
2-door convertible (E88)
3-door hatchback (E81)
5-door hatchback (E87)
Layout FR layout
Pre-facelift BMHistoryW 120i (E88) convertible, Australia
3/5 door hatchback (E81/87)
The 1 Series was originally sold as a five-door hatchback, with range of straight four- and six-cylinder engines mated with five- or six-speed manual or optional six-speed automatic transmissions. It replaced the BMW 3 Series Compact range as the smallest and most affordable vehicle (depending on the engine model) in the BMW range.
Like the three- and five-door BMW 1 Series models, the E82 also features a combination of equipment, marketed by BMW as EfficientDynamics, to reduce fuel consumption (see below). The Coupé is 133 mm (5.2 in) longer than the hatch, creating 20 litres (0.71 cubic feet) of extra boot space, but 220 mm (8.7 in) shorter than the 3-series Coupé. The published unladen weights (EU) of the 120d, 123d and 135i Coupés' are 1,450 kg (3,200 lb), 1,495 kg (3,300 lb), and 1,560 kg (3,400 lb), respectively. This is similar to an E46 3-series or an E34 5-series. The 1 Series Coupé (E82) was unveiled in Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA) 2007, which went on sale on November 24, 2007. The 1-Series Cabriolet uses a fabric top, to differentiate it further from the now steel-roofed 3-series convertible E93.
BMW 1 Series (E81) 3-door hatchback, Europe
Facelift BMW 120i (E87) 5-door hatchback, Australia
Pre-facelift BMW 123d (E82) coupe, Europe
Pre-facelift BMW 120i (E88) convertible, Australia
In 2007 the 1 Series gained a facelift along with the introduction of a three-door hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles. Engines were upgraded and more fuel efficient, along with new bumpers and other exterior and interior updates.
In 2011, the coupé and cabriolet bodies gained a facelift. Exterior changes to the model were minor headlight and taillight revisions, new front/rear bumpers and minor revisions to the interior. The only new engine was the N55 which replaced the N54 twin-turbo, with power and torque output remaining the same. Even though many engines are same, the facelifted 1 Series fuel consumption is slightly higher in some models such as the 123d, and slightly lower in some models such as the 120i.
The 1 Series was launched globally in Autumn 2004 and shares many structural, chassis, powertrain, hardware and electronic elements with the larger 3 Series. The model was started to provide a lower point of entry into the BMW range as the 3 Series moved gradually up-market. Initially launched as a five-door hatchback, a three-door version was also launched in July 2007. The 1 Series is priced between the MINI and the current E90 3 Series. Because the coupe is the only rear wheel drive vehicle in its class, it is often considered[who?] the successor to the BMW 2002.
The 1 Series coupe (E82) and convertible (E88) went on sale in the United States and Canada in model year 2008 (30 June 2007) as the 128i and the 135i. Other countries received the 120i and 125i in both platforms. The convertible, unlike the 3 Series convertible, uses a soft-top instead of a folding hardtop. This is lighter, cheaper to manufacture and preserves more trunk space than the folding hardtop would allow.
The North American introduction of the coupe and cabriolet was during the second quarter of 2008, which was credited for helping BMW overtake Lexus as the top luxury brand.
Unlike its predecessor, the new vehicle is built on its own platform (E87); however, it shares many components with the E90 3 Series. Shared parts include MacPherson struts in the front of the car and a trapezoidal-link rear axle. BMW has stated that it shares over 60% of components with the current E90 BMW 3 Series.
The 135i comes with the world's first differential with double-helical ball bearings which have the advantage of running at an even lower operating temperature reached more quickly than before thanks to the reduction of fluid required in the differential. The 123d (150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp) heads up the range of diesels.
BMW 1 Series M, US
BMW 1 Series M, Australia
The BMW 1 Series M is a high-performance version of the BMW 1 Series Coupe, developed by BMW's motorsport branch BMW M. It is currently the smallest and least expensive M model available. The name was chosen to avoid confusion with the original BMW M1.
BMW M boss Dr. Kay Segler officially announced the making of the M variant of the BMW 1-Series Coupé on July 9, 2010, via an official YouTube video and press release. On December 9, 2010, BMW officially announced all details of the car in the media. The variant was marketed as a spiritual follow-up to the famous E30 M3.
Unlike other M models (like the M3 and M5) which use M-derived engines named Sxx, the 1 Series M Coupé uses a M-tuned, twin turbocharged version of the N54 engine, as found in the 335is and Z4sDrive35is. Still a 3.0-litre inline six-cylinder engine with direct injection, it produces 340 hp (254 kW) at 5900 rpm and 332 lb·ft (450 N·m) torque from 1,500 to 4,500 rpm (with +369 lb·ft (500 N·m) overboost). The redline is 7,000 rpm. The 1 Series M Coupe reaches 60 miles per hour in 4.5 seconds (4.3 seconds with 1 foot of rollout like at a drag strip) and the quarter-mile in 12.9 seconds at 107.7 mph.. The car is electronically limited to 167 mph (270 km/h) top speed. There is an M Drive button that activates a quicker throttle response program. The sole available transmission is a six-speed manual gearbox with an M gearshift knob, a 3.15:1 final drive ratio and a limited slip differential.
The body on the BMW 1 Series M Coupé has been modified as well, giving the car a significantly wider track and bigger body, as well as a body kit to distinguish it from the standard 1 Series. Despite the car's larger size, it is 77 lb (35 kg) lighter, giving it a weight of 3,296 lb (1,495 kg).
The 1 Series M Coupé, also known as the 1M Coupé, or the 1M, is available in Valencia Orange and Black Sapphire colors, both metallic. The only non-metallic color available is Alpine White. Alloy wheels are 19-inch in size, with Y-Spoke design, coded Style 359M.
BMW was originally going to release the 1M Coupé as a limited production model of 2,700 units. Then due to overwhelming demand, the company lifted the cap and produced a total of 6331 cars until production ended in June 2012. Nevertheless, production of the North American variant of the 1M Coupé stopped in December 2011, with 740 units sold in the US and a further 220 sold in Canada.
The 1M was featured on Top Gear on 26 June 2011 and recorded a time of 1:25.0 round the Top Gear test track (the fastest M series BMW so far and also beat the Porsche Cayman R and Lotus Evora S in a drag race. The 1M was met in the media with enthusiastic reviews, Jeremy Clarkson likening it, as a breakthrough model, to the original Volkswagen Golf GTI.
The 1M was "Richard Hammond's Car of the Year 2011" in Top Gear (magazine).
The 1 Series Coupé was marketed in the US as a successor to the BMW 2002, a two-door from the 1970s known for its light weight and relative high performance at the time and its long bonnet, slim cabin and short rear.
In the 1-series hatchback commercial, Kermit the Frog was shown driving a BMW 1 Series around in a desert making figure eights, showcasing the car's agility. BMW is showing a 3-episode web movie promo (filmed in Hamburg with a New York cast) featuring the X1. BMW recently released a campaign to promote the BMW 1 Series. The campaign centered on an online video 'mockumentary' called Rampenfest that chronicles the adventures of a small Bavarian town attempting to use a giant ramp to literally launch the new BMW from Germany to the U.S
Jeremy Clarkson and other journalists raised aesthetic complaints about the 1-series, adding at the end of his review for the Sunday Times 'The 1-series is crap.
Critical response has changed in recent years with the introduction of the Coupé, and convertible model - which have been described as 'returning BMW to its roots', and the 135i has been described as the successor of the original E30 M3 of the 1980s. Clarkson himself awarded the 2008 model five stars, and had the following to say: 'The 135 coupé is the best car BMW makes.
The BMW 118d, which is not sold in North America, won the 'World Green Car Award' in 2008 as a performance-oriented car with CO2 emissions and fuel consumption comparable to Toyota Prius.
The racing version of 120d is called BMW 120d Motorsport. The inline-four engine was rated 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@4200rpm and 450 N·m (330 lb·ft)@3000rpm with 5000rpm redline. It weighs only 1,135 kg (2,500 lb) with a driver. It includes a 100 litres (26 US gal; 22 imp gal) diesel tank.
In 2006, a BMW 120d modified with a BMW customer racing kit available for €95,000, entered by "Schubert Motors" repeated a similar if not better result. It scored 5th in a field of 220 cars, many of them (Porsche 911 GT3, BMW M3, Lamborghini Gallardo, Aston Martin, Maserati) were much more powerful than the 120d Motorsport, thus a significantly stronger field of competitors than in 1998.
Year Total 5-door 3-door Coupé Cabriolet Note
2004 39,247 39,247 - - - Launched in September.
2005 149,493 149,493 - - -
2006 151,918 151,918 - - -
2007 165,803 133,525 30,984 1,287 7 Facelift in March. 3-door version launched in May.
2008 225,095 122,666 49,559 26,304 26,566
2009 216,944 120,323 44,043 24,081 28,506
2010 196,004 113,030 31,980 26,191 24,803