BMW 8 Series (E31) 1989-1999
BMW 8 Series (E31)
The BMW 8 Series (chassis code: E31) is a V8 or V12-engined Grand Tourer built by BMW from 1989 to 1999. While it did supplant the original E24 based 6 Series in 1991, a common misconception is that the 8 Series was developed as a successor. However, it was actually an entirely new class aimed at a different market, with a substantially higher price and better performance than the 6 series. It was BMW's flagship car and had an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph (250 km/h).
History of development
Design of the 8 Series began in 1986, with construction starting in the same year. The 8 Series debuted at the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA) in early September 1989. The 8 Series was designed to move beyond the market of the original 6 Series. The 8 Series however had substantially improved performance, as well as a far higher purchase price.
Over 1.5 billion Deutschemark was spent on total development (2008 USD nearly $1 billion). BMW used CAD tools, still unusual at the time, to design the car's all-new body. Combined with wind tunnel testing, the resulting car had a drag coefficient of 0.29, a major improvement from the previous BMW M6/635CSi's 0.39.
The 8 Series supercar offered the first V-12 engine mated to a 6-speed manual gearbox on a road car. It was also one of the first vehicles to be fitted with an electronic "fly-by-wire" throttle. The 8 Series was one of BMW's first cars, together with the Z1, to use a multi-link rear axle.
While CAD modeling allowed the car's unibody to be 8 lb (3 kg) lighter than that of its predecessor, the car was significantly heavier when completed due to the large engine and added luxury items—a source of criticism from those who wanted BMW to concentrate on the driving experience. Some of the car's weight may have been due to its pillarless "hardtop" body style, which lacked a "B" post. This body style, originating in the United States in the late 1940s, was abandoned by Detroit in the late 1970s.
Sales of the 8 Series were affected by the global recession of the early 1990s, the Persian Gulf War, and energy price spikes. BMW pulled the 8 Series out of the North American market in 1997, selling only 7,232 cars over seven years. BMW continued production for Europe until 1999. The ultimate worldwide production total was 31,062.The base price for an entry-level 8 series in the early 1990s started in the US $70,000 range; $115,000 in 2012 dollars.
The 830i was a prototype which did not reach production. As the potential entry-level model, the 830i was to use the 3-liter V8 with 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) from the 530i and 730i, known internally as the M60B30. Eighteen cars were produced, 13 of which had an automatic gearbox fitted. The model was dropped in favour of the 840Ci and almost all of the 18 cars were dismantled; one car is in a BMW museum.
Oxidized Aluminum Kit
The oxidized aluminum kit is for BMW, Jaguar, Mercedes, Volvo, Saab, Volkswagen, and many others. This flexible deoxidizer lasts indefinitely. After the surfaces are prepared following the directions on the included DVD, the deoxidizer is applied with the applicator using a flow on motion. The oxidized look immediately disappears, leaving an original factory look.
The kit includes all materials necessary to achieve a professional end result.
This Kit is:
$49.95 Plus $10.00 Shipping.
We offer a 30 day money back guarantee.
BMW 8-Series (E31)
Class Grand tourer
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout FR layout
Engine 3.0 L M60B30 V8 (18 produced)
4.0 L M60B40 V8
4.4 L M62B44 V8
5.0 L M70B50 V12
5.4 L M73B54 V12
5.6 L S70B56 V12
6.0 L S70/1 V12 (M8 prototype)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 2,685 mm (105.7 in)
Length 4,780 mm (188 in)
Width 1,854 mm (73.0 in)
Height 1,341 mm (52.8 in)
Curb weight 1,830 kg (4,000 lb) (840)
1,975 kg (4,350 lb) (850)
Related McLaren F1
BMW E31 rear styling
The 840Ci exists with two different engine packages. The first used the 4 liter M60B40 engine with 286 PS (210 kW) and was produced from mid-1993 to late 1995. From mid-1995, production phased in the newer 4.4 liter M62B44 engine, which had better fuel economy and more torque, though power output remained unchanged.
The 840Ci was available with a 5-speed automatic transmission, though European cars were given the option of a 6-speed manual transmission. The only external features distinguishing the V8 model from the V12 models were the quad round exhausts, which were square in the V12 models, and the rectangular rear-view mirrors, which are oval on the 850Ci. The 840Ci stayed in production until mid-1997.
This was the first model launched in 1990 with the 5 litre M70B50 V12 engine producing 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp). It was available with either a 4-speed automatic or a 6-speed manual gearbox.
BMW 840Ci M62 V8 engine
There is some confusion over why and when the 850i became the 850Ci. The change happened around the introduction of the 850CSi and it is believed that BMW decided to include the "C" in the model name that denotes 'Coupe' just as two-door 3 Series cars alongside the 8 Series read 323Ci, 328Ci and so on. The confusion starts when BMW installed the new M73B54 engine in the car. This was not an immediate changeover, and indeed both the M70 and M73-engined cars rolled off the production lines side-by-side for about nine months in 1994, both named 850Ci.
As the capacity of the M73 increased to 5.4 liters and the compression ratio went up, the power output rose to 326 PS (240 kW; 322 hp).
Originally envisioned as a Ferrari competitor equipped with a special 550 bhp (410 kW; 558 PS) version of the S70 engine, essentially a bored out version of the M70 with experimental multi-valve cylinder heads. A common misconception is that this engine powered the McLaren F1. However, when this was suggested to McLaren's designer Gordon Murray, the idea was rejected because the engine was too heavy and long for the McLaren F1. Rather, variations on the original S70 used on the 850csi, the S70/2 and S70/3 were used for the McLaren F1 (The variation used on the M8 prototype was the S70/1 engine).
The project was eventually scrapped because BMW decided that there was no market for a M8. The only prototype ever produced (one that was reportedly not even road safe) was locked away by BMW in the company's Giftschrank (poison storage) . BMW and the M Division had strongly denied that the car was even a possibility since the initial stages of its development. A world exclusive feature in the February 2010 issue of BMW Car Magazine, however, revealed that the M8 prototype still exists in its entirety. The car was unveiled for the first time in front of journalists on July 2, 2010 at the BMW Museum in Munich.
While the M8 was never produced, it is interesting to note that the 850CSi was also tuned by BMW's M division. Aside from sporting a M-tuned engine (as identified by the S suffix instead of the M prefix that a non-M tuned engine would wear), the car's VIN identifies the car as being built by BMW Motorsport (identified by the WBS prefix) instead of BMW AG (WBA prefix). This effectively identifies the 850CSi as essentially a detuned version of the M8.
BMW 850i/Ci M70 V12 engine
BMW 850CSi S70 V12 engine
BMW tuner Alpina produced a special version of the 8 Series dubbed the B12. Two versions were produced, both taken from the standard production line.
B12 5.0 Coupe was based on the 850i, powered by the 5.0-liter M70 engine producing 350 bhp (261 kW; 355 PS), and available only with a 4-speed automatic gearbox.
B12 5.7 Coupe was based on the 850CSi, with the 5.7-litre S70 engine producing 416 bhp (310 kW; 422 PS) with a 6-speed manual gearbox.
Racing Dynamics K55 Sport Coupe
BMW tuner Racing Dynamics of Italy in 1991 produced a special version of the 8 Series dubbed the K55 Sport Coupe taken from the standard production line. The K55 5.5 Coupe was based on the 850i, powered by the 5.0-liter M70 that was stroked to 5.5 liters, new valves, camshafts lifters and intakes along with extrude honed heads. The one US version engine producing 475 bhp (354 kW; 482 PS) and the Euro version producing 401 bhp (299 kW). 40 K55s were produced for the Euro market and one in the US. In addition to engine modifications, The K55 offered a variety of body, suspensions, rear end options.
However, there is no verification of 475 hp (354 kW) produced by this car by Racing Dynamics. The K55 produces 380 hp (280 kW) and 405 ft·lbf (549 N·m) of torque as listed in the 02/1994 Euro car magazine. Racing Dynamic's own website lists the K55 at 401 hp (299 kW).
The 475 hp (354 kW) was declared by Autothority (as listed in the said Road & Track article). The 475 hp (354 kW) claim was never verified.
BMW Alpina B12
PowerPlant Racing BMW "860i"
Race car tuner PowerPlant racing of North Carolina, USA produced the most powerful Naturally Aspirated 8 series BMW. This was done by increasing the displacement of the M70 V12 engine to a 6.0L capacity.
This conversion changes the stroke of the engine from 73 mm (2.9 in) to 86 mm (3.4 in), the bore from 84 mm (3.3 in) to 86 mm (3.4 in) and the compression ratio from 8.8/1 to 10/1. The 6.0 conversion on a stock rebuild makes 405 hp (302 kW) & 425 ft·lbf (576 N·m) of torque. However, there are add on options of this program that increases the specifications to 455+ HP and 500+ ft·lbf (386 HP and 409 ft·lbf (555 N·m) torque at the wheels) that is emission legal with completely civilized, stock drivability.
840 CiA "M Individual" (Japan) 298 ex (05/1996-04/1999)
840 Ci Sport (Belgium) 1 ex (03/1999)
840 CiA Sport (UK and Belgium) 3 ex Belgium, 1062 UK (03/1997-05/1999 UK) (10/1998-05/1999 Belgium)
850 CiA Platinum (Middle East) (1998–1999) 59 ex
850 CiA 5.4 Alpina (Middle East) (1998–1999) 10 ex
850 CiA Sport (Belgium) (05/1999) 1 ex
The 8-Series is a very rare car to see in any form of motorsport. However, one of the best examples was built by Wagenstetter Motorsport and, until recently, was raced in the Nurburgring VLN endurance championship. It’s based on an 840i, but now has an E39 M5 5.0-litre V8, which has 555 bhp (414 kW; 563 PS) and 472 lb·ft (640 N·m) torque, and a six-speed gearbox from the same car.
The 840Ci (V8) U.S. models were each equipped with a 5-speed automatic transmission. The 850i/850Ci (V12) models each carry either a 4-speed automatic transmission, 5-speed automatic transmission, or a 6-speed manual. The 850CSi model only came with a 6-speed manual transmission.
1997 United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates for cars equipped with automatic transmission.
BMW 840Ci transmission selector